Weather in many places can be incredibly finicky, so the best thing for some is to garden indoors instead. While it may seem daunting to bring everything inside, indoor gardening is really as simple as gardening outdoors, with the added benefit of being able to spruce it up with stylish designs.
Choose a Good Space
On top of figuring out how you want the actual design of the space to be, ensure that there is plenty of good natural light. You also want to steer clear of any space that has limited access, as you will need to get right in there and tend to your plants.
Plants need light to photosynthesize and need to photosynthesize to survive. Without adequate light a plant will grow tall and spindly. If there is enough energy to grow leaves, they still may not totally expand. And without enough light, don’t plan on seeing flowers or fruit.
Control the temperature
With the freezing cold temperatures outside and the stifling heat inside, controlling temperature can be more challenging than you may think. The important thing to consider when picking where to place your plants is choosing an area that stays relatively temperate. Somewhere between 65 and 75 degrees is the best for most plants. Though heartier plants can take a little more heat or cold, you will find that those that are grown in too hot a climate will be small and weak, while those that grow in the cold will have trouble turning green, and may lose their leaves early. Use a thermometer to check daily and ensure that your plants are in the right environment.
Control the climate
We all know that the winter months can be some of the driest of the year, which poses a particular problem for plants. If you notice that your leaves are turning brown, or your plants look withered and are starting to lose leaves, consider increasing the humidity. This can be done by running a humidifier near the plants. Humidity can also be easily increased by lightly misting your plants daily. Another great way to promote growth is to put an oscillating fan on low near the plants, which will ventilate them.
Planting your garden in a nutrient-rich potting soil is essential for indoor growing. The soil in your backyard will be frozen and heavy, and may also have hidden weeds and insects that will stifle or kill your plants. Instead, opt for an organic potting mix. Or, if this isn’t your first indoor garden, many growing enthusiasts think that growing hydroponically, which means without soil, can be beneficial. If you choose this option, consider getting some outside help from place like the Hydroponics Glossary to get you started.
Choose the Right Plants
Certain plants don’t go together. As used in the example above, if you plan on growing an herb garden, you should isolate your mint plant, as those plants grow wild, and can kill your other plants in the meantime. Group together plants that will get along. The best practice is to group together Mediterranean varieties such as rosemary, oregano, sage, thyme, lavender, and marjoram, as they all require a lot of sunlight and dry soil.
Herbs like basil, cilantro, tarragon, and parsley require much more moisture than the above plants, and should be planted together.